Category Archives: Psychology

The end of Alexei’s dragon

Capture-1 x2A few years ago, the Uncertaintist posted about whether dogs remember their dead comrades (link on image). The piece focused on the alpha Akita Clea, her late brother Alexei and the small dragon plush toy that had been Alexei’s, which Clea carefully preserved and kept with her. After Clea died in December 2013, I lost track of the dragon. I assumed that Alexei and Clea’s housemates had stored it away, as a keepsake.

Alexei had had a favorite among his human companions, a girl he had helped to raise, and of whom he was besotted. In Alexei’s later years, she had gone away to school. Whenever she came home to visit, Alexei walked two inches off the ground. No need to ask whether his beloved was in residence, you just looked at Alexei.

Several months after Clea’s death, this now grown woman rescued Amy, a dog who is a breed unto herself. A few months ago, your correspondent was honored to sit with Amy. As our visit progressed, attention turned to Amy’s toys. There among them was Alexei’s dragon, bright and pristine, scarcely different than it was when I had first photographed it resting against Clea’s cheek more than three years before.

pristine dragon

I photographed it again. Amy watched me closely as I fussed over the toy, but didn’t interrupt. When I was done, I returned the dragon to rest among her other toys.

A few weeks later, I sat with Amy again. This time, when I looked through her toys, the dragon was in tatters.

At first, I was of two minds about what Amy had done. I had grown fond of that whimsical little survivor. It reminded me of two dogs whom I love. But then so does Amy herself, unlike the Akitas physically, and yet large-spirited and completely suited to be their successor.

There is no mystery that a dog would tear apart a toy designed for a dog to tear apart. The mystery is that Amy hadn’t done so before. What had she been waiting for?

I think Amy reasoned as follows. When her human companions first gave Amy the dragon, Clea’s scent was all through it. Clea had kept it close by her for years and had regularly licked the dragon to clean it. Alexei’s scent was possibly still there, too. Amy knew that despite its apparent purpose, the dragon hadn’t been a toy for Clea. Dead or alive, Clea was an alpha dog, something else that Amy knew by smell. Amy prudently left Clea’s dragon alone.

Portrait of Amy

Amy

Amy likely knows that I knew Clea, Alexei and the story of this dragon that unfolded before Amy was born. She could see without being told that I recognized the dragon, and that I promptly performed a human ritual act that Amy is familiar with. I took photographs of it, much as so many people in Amy’s world often take photographs of her. Amy surmises this must hold some meaning for us.

And then, although I didn’t mean to, I probably sealed the dragon’s fate. When I finished my ritual adulation, I replaced the dragon among her toys while Amy watched. I thereby gave the dragon to her again, this time after a demonstrated awareness of what the dragon had once meant to another dog. Amy was oblivious that I was thinking only that I ought to return what wasn’t mine to where I’d found it. My mistake, not hers. I was oblivious to how this vignette looked to her.

Amy had been waiting for assurance that whatever the history of the dragon was, whatever it had been for the formidable Clea, this toy was now one of Amy’s toys, without conditions or complications, to use as Alexei’s human companions had originally intended that he use it years ago. And so she did use it, maybe more crisply than usual, lest somebody living or dead change their mind.

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A prematurely Jungian archeologist at Glastonbury Abbey

Frederick Bligh Bond

Frederick Bligh Bond

A team led by Roberta Gilchrist, a professor of archeology at Reading University and a trustee of the Glastonbury Abbey, have completed a multi-year project to collect, reinterpret and publish records of 36 seasons of excavations from 1904 through 1979 (online and with a 500-page book). Glastonbury’s press release quotes Professor Gilchrist,

This project has rewritten the history of Glastonbury Abbey. Although several major excavations were undertaken during the 20th century, dig directors were led heavily [by] Glastonbury’s legends and the occult. Using 21st century technology we took a step back from the myth and legend to expose the true history of the Abbey.

Colorful legends of Apostles and Arthur have likely wrong-footed many scholars. As Professor Gilchrist put it, “Research revealed that some of the best known archaeological ‘facts’ about Glastonbury are themselves myths perpetuated by the Abbey’s excavators.” But one dig director stands out as having been led by the “occult.”

Frederick Bligh Bond (1864-1945) was an architect with extensive technical knowledge about old church buildings. He served at Glastonbury from 1908, when the Church of England bought the property, until 1921. His productive digs satisfied his superiors. Then in 1918, Bond published The Gate of Remembrance (here) and its sequel in 1919, Hill of Vision. Bond explained candidly how he had so efficiently and effectively rescued long-lost buildings from oblivion.

His career fell apart.

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Practical magic for you and a friend this Hallowe’en

snow-white-huntsman-pic-16

Charlize Theron as a famous scryer in Snow White and the Huntsman

Last year’s Hallowe’en post here at the Uncertaintist described how turn-of-the-Twentieth-Century middle American adults celebrated the holiday with solitary dark-mirror scrying. Few of the novice scryers realized that it might really work, rapidly causing vivid worldly or otherworldly hallucinations.

Scrying’s fast, reliable and dramatic effectiveness, even for casual inexperienced users, was experimentally demonstrated by Giovanni Caputo in 2010. A few months ago, Caputo published new research on a related, two-person method of easily altering consciousness. Variations on the technique which Caputo studied are used by cults like Scientology and have been shown to work as a love charm as well – the ultimate two-person team activity. This is not just a way of seeing something that isn’t there, but it may also promote changes in thought and behavior as well.

Real magic, then, lurks a mouse click away, just in time for your holiday enjoyment…

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Hawks, aesthetic sense and synchronicity

View of pasture from hill

The setting. Click to enlarge.

This morning I was walking up a steep hill which overlooks dairy pastureland. The view below charms the eye. Cows graze amid sparse trees and hedgerows scattered in a broad field with a narrow crooked pond. The composition is painterly. It is the perfect background to frame something aloft.

A peregrine falcon called from nearby trees. I heard the sound but it didn’t register. She called again (unlike songbirds; both sexes of falcon call), and this time I looked up. When I did, the bird launched from her perch to begin a shallow descent, turning a broad arc over the pastureland. For five long seconds, with exquisite precision, the falcon positioned herself to become the someone aloft who imparted balance, harmony and focus to the pastoral scene.

Her flight ended in the crown of a tree rooted in the pasture below. As she took her time folding up her wings, the thought occurred that the falcon wouldn’t have improved the composition or have been framed so well by it if she had flown directly to her new perch. This falcon who twice announced her departure literally went out of her way to be seen in flight just where she was seen. It seemed as if she knew what effect her flight and its calculated path would have on this passerby.

To have that intention would require aesthetic sense, a hunch that a different species could share her aesthetic sense, and a willingness to exert herself to create an ephemeral beauty that neither she nor any of her kind would see. Upon what I cannot prove, I will not insist. To seem and as if are the verbal shields against the dreaded charge of unwarranted anthropomorphization.

I resumed my walk, thinking about what I’d just seen. Closer to my destination, the road passes beside a neighbor’s lawn. As I walked by, another peregrine landed on the lawn at close social distance, just ahead of me and to the side. He remained there for several seconds, while we exchanged acknowledgments. I rarely see hawks close-up on the ground. They are vulnerable there. He seemed confident of his safe reception, as well he might be, but objectively he was taking an avoidable risk.

In his own good time, he flew to a tree at the far end of the property. His ascent allowed him to show his plumage – and his talons. He crisply launched from the tree into a flight across the lawn, almost directly at me at chest height. My turn to be confident that this was not an attack, but an air show. And so it was. He broke off to perch in another tree at the margin of the road, just overhead. He paused there for one last exchange of acknowledgments and then was on his way.

A synchronicity is Carl Jung’s term for the occurrence of two or more events close together in time that are related by complementary meaning but have no apparent causal connection. The second hawk answered some of my questions about the first, such as whether a falcon would go out of her way to make contact across species lines, and whether she would intentionally show off (in candid truth, I have long believed that hawks do sometimes enthusiastically show off).

What sense of visual aesthetics hawks might have, and the degree to which their sense might be held in common with other sight-oriented species like us is harder to say. I have my suspicions, though.

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Practical magic on Main Street, Hallowe’en 1914

Gibson Hallowe'en card

Click images to enlarge

One hundred years ago, while William Butler Yeats conjured in magician’s robes and Carl Jung began to transcribe visions into his Red Book, ordinary middle-class Americans, too, dabbled in magic, or as some prefer to say, explored depth psychology.

One night a year, standing alone before mirrors in dimly lit rooms, our grandparents and great-grandparents, some in jest and some on a dare, pretended to pierce the veil that keeps the waking world apart from the shadow realm. Many of them watched in awe as the veil dissolved before their eyes. Continue reading

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Can dogs appreciate a magic trick?

Edward Norton performs

Edward Norton performs

The question arises in a recent blog posting by Susana Martinez-Conde at the Scientific American site,

http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/illusion-chasers/2014/09/11/dog-magic/

Despite the title’s emphasis on dogs and an accompanying picture, the piece is really about the appreciation of stage magic by human children, human adults, other great apes, and yes, something about dogs, too.

The blogger links to a short video featuring a magician and dogs. In the video, the magician makes dog treats appear and disappear in front of the dogs’ faces. The blogger braves accusations of unwarranted anthropomorphization to write that “the dogs’ reactions seems to indicate that they fall somewhere along the confused-to-angry continuum.” That makes sense. What the video shows is called teasing. Confusion and anger are predictable and arguably appropriate responses to teasing, in many species.

The issue Martinez-Conde raised, however, was whether dogs might react with a wonderment like that which adult humans experience when viewing a well-staged magic trick. So, might they?

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